The Labouchere Amendment, section 11 of the Criminal Law Amendment Act 1885, extended the laws regarding homosexuality to include any kind of sexual activity between males.Oscar Wilde was convicted under this law and sentenced to 2 years of penal labour.It has been suggested that this article be split into articles titled Sexual orientation rights in the United Kingdom, Adoption and family rights in the United Kingdom, Gender identity and the military of the United Kingdom, Sexual orientation equality in the United Kingdom, Gender Identity equality in the United Kingdom, Sexual orientation conversion therapy in the United Kingdom and Gender identity conversion therapy in the United Kingdom.
James Pratt and John Smith were the last two to be executed for sodomy in 1835.
Although section 61 of the Offences against the Person Act 1861 removed the death penalty for homosexuality, male homosexual acts remained illegal and were punishable by imprisonment.
In ILGA-Europe's 2015 review of LGBTI rights, the UK received the highest score in Europe, with 86% progress toward "respect of human rights and full equality" for LGBT people and 92% in Scotland alone.
According to You Gov, however, studies such as that of the Integrated Household Survey underestimate the true proportion of the population that is LGBT as they use a face-to-face methodology, and non-heterosexual people are less willing to disclose their sexual orientation to an interviewer.
Same-sex marriage was legalised in England, Wales and Scotland in 2014, but remains unavailable in Northern Ireland where it is recognised solely as a civil partnership.
Today, LGBT citizens have most of the same legal rights as non-LGBT citizens and the UK provides one of the highest degrees of liberty in the world for its LGBT communities.
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The age of consent was lowered to 16 in Northern Ireland in 2009, previously it was 17 regardless of sexual orientation.
Transgender people have had the right to change their legal gender since 2005.
Before and during the formation of the UK, Christianity and homosexuality clashed.